FANBOYS: Coordinating Conjunctions for Compound Sentence Making
An online library of of non-prep resource packs to work on "for", "and", "nor," "but", "or", "yet" and "so" - the "FANBOYS"
To express our thoughts and feelings properly, we need to link our ideas together. From around the age of 42 months, typically developing children start to join short sentences and phrases together with coordinating conjunctions, often starting with "and" and "or".
Coordinating conjunctions give equal emphasis to two main clauses to create compound sentences. There are seven key coordinating conjunctions in English, often learned most easily with the FANBOYS acronym:
- For ("I don't eat peanuts for I'm allergic to nuts.")
- And ("The girl bought an ice-cream and a lemonade.")
- Nor ("Dad wanted neither the red nor the yellow shirt.")
- But ("John likes movies, but not scary ones".)
- Or ("Should Mum have the strawberry or the chocolate ice cream")
- Yet ("She was scared yet gave the speech anyway.")
- So ("It started to rain so I put up my umbrella.")
Learning to use coordinating conjunctions can boost sentence variety and complexity; and improve verbal reasoning and the social use of language in several functional ways. For example, coordinating conjunctions can be used to add things together ("and"), contrast things ("but", "yet"), show alternatives ("or", "nor"), explain reasons ("for"), or express results or consequences ("so").
Many people - including people learning English as a second language and/or with language disorders have significant difficulties understanding or using coordinating conjunctions, and have difficulties expressing themselves in compound sentences.
This library of resources includes 7 of our most popular coordinating conjunction sentence builders, including sentence builders for each of the FANBOYS conjunctions. That's 7, no-preparation, ready to use products, all tried and tested in our clinic. All in all, over 230 scaffolded sentences with both picture and orthographic cues, suitable for people with a range of backgrounds, issues, and difficulties.
We hope you find this library useful!
Known to many as Speech Bloke, David is a Certified Practising Speech Pathologist, Lawyer, Author and Father. He is based in Sydney, Australia, where he helps adults and children with communication issues to speak for themselves.
David manages a busy private speech pathology clinic, and a publishing company for speech pathologists in private practice. He is the founder of Banter Speech & Language, and Speechies in Business. He is passionate about ethical practices and consumer rights and regularly guest lectures to speech pathology students and others on legal issues affecting the profession.
David holds a Master of Speech Language Pathology from the University of Sydney, where he was a Dean's Scholar, ranking first in his graduating year. He is admitted as a Solicitor of the Supreme Court of New South Wales and the High Court of Hong Kong, and lived for 8 years in Hong Kong. David is a Certified PESL Instructor for accent modification. He is a Hanen- and LSVT LOUD-certified speech-language pathologist with post-graduate training in the PreLit early literacy preparation program by MultiLit, the Spalding Method for literacy, and Voicecraft for voice issues.
Prior to becoming a speech pathologist, David was a senior lawyer at a US Investment Bank and, before then, worked for global law firms in Hong Kong and Sydney. He knows what it takes to communicate professionally and to compete in a globalised workforce.